[][src]Struct ed25519_dalek::PublicKey

pub struct PublicKey(_, _);

An ed25519 public key.


impl PublicKey[src]

pub fn to_bytes(&self) -> [u8; 32][src]

Convert this public key to a byte array.

pub fn as_bytes<'a>(&'a self) -> &'a [u8; 32][src]

View this public key as a byte array.

pub fn from_bytes(bytes: &[u8]) -> Result<PublicKey, SignatureError>[src]

Construct a PublicKey from a slice of bytes.


The caller is responsible for ensuring that the bytes passed into this method actually represent a curve25519_dalek::curve::CompressedEdwardsY and that said compressed point is actually a point on the curve.


use ed25519_dalek::PublicKey;
use ed25519_dalek::PUBLIC_KEY_LENGTH;
use ed25519_dalek::SignatureError;

let public_key_bytes: [u8; PUBLIC_KEY_LENGTH] = [
   215,  90, 152,   1, 130, 177,  10, 183, 213,  75, 254, 211, 201, 100,   7,  58,
    14, 225, 114, 243, 218, 166,  35,  37, 175,   2,  26, 104, 247,   7,   81, 26];

let public_key = PublicKey::from_bytes(&public_key_bytes)?;


A Result whose okay value is an EdDSA PublicKey or whose error value is an SignatureError describing the error that occurred.

pub fn verify(
    message: &[u8],
    signature: &Signature
) -> Result<(), SignatureError>

Verify a signature on a message with this keypair's public key.


Returns Ok(()) if the signature is valid, and Err otherwise.

pub fn verify_prehashed<D>(
    prehashed_message: D,
    context: Option<&[u8]>,
    signature: &Signature
) -> Result<(), SignatureError> where
    D: Digest<OutputSize = U64>, 

Verify a signature on a prehashed_message using the Ed25519ph algorithm.


  • prehashed_message is an instantiated hash digest with 512-bits of output which has had the message to be signed previously fed into its state.
  • context is an optional context string, up to 255 bytes inclusive, which may be used to provide additional domain separation. If not set, this will default to an empty string.
  • signature is a purported Ed25519ph Signature on the prehashed_message.


Returns true if the signature was a valid signature created by this Keypair on the prehashed_message.

pub fn verify_strict(
    message: &[u8],
    signature: &Signature
) -> Result<(), SignatureError>

Strictly verify a signature on a message with this keypair's public key.

On The (Multiple) Sources of Malleability in Ed25519 Signatures

This version of verification is technically non-RFC8032 compliant. The following explains why.

  1. Scalar Malleability

The authors of the RFC explicitly stated that verification of an ed25519 signature must fail if the scalar s is not properly reduced mod \ell:

To verify a signature on a message M using public key A, with F being 0 for Ed25519ctx, 1 for Ed25519ph, and if Ed25519ctx or Ed25519ph is being used, C being the context, first split the signature into two 32-octet halves. Decode the first half as a point R, and the second half as an integer S, in the range 0 <= s < L. Decode the public key A as point A'. If any of the decodings fail (including S being out of range), the signature is invalid.)

All verify_*() functions within ed25519-dalek perform this check.

  1. Point malleability

The authors of the RFC added in a malleability check to step #3 in §5.1.7, for small torsion components in the R value of the signature, which is not strictly required, as they state:

Check the group equation [8][S]B = [8]R + [8][k]A'. It's sufficient, but not required, to instead check [S]B = R + [k]A'.

History of Malleability Checks

As originally defined (cf. the "Malleability" section in the README of this repo), ed25519 signatures didn't consider any form of malleability to be an issue. Later the scalar malleability was considered important. Still later, particularly with interests in cryptocurrency design and in unique identities (e.g. for Signal users, Tor onion services, etc.), the group element malleability became a concern.

However, libraries had already been created to conform to the original definition. One well-used library in particular even implemented the group element malleability check, but only for batch verification! Which meant that even using the same library, a single signature could verify fine individually, but suddenly, when verifying it with a bunch of other signatures, the whole batch would fail!

"Strict" Verification

This method performs both of the above signature malleability checks.

It must be done as a separate method because one doesn't simply get to change the definition of a cryptographic primitive ten years after-the-fact with zero consideration for backwards compatibility in hardware and protocols which have it already have the older definition baked in.


Returns Ok(()) if the signature is valid, and Err otherwise.

Trait Implementations

impl AsRef<[u8]> for PublicKey[src]

impl Clone for PublicKey[src]

impl Copy for PublicKey[src]

impl Debug for PublicKey[src]

impl Default for PublicKey[src]

impl Eq for PublicKey[src]

impl<'a> From<&'a ExpandedSecretKey> for PublicKey[src]

fn from(expanded_secret_key: &ExpandedSecretKey) -> PublicKey[src]

Derive this public key from its corresponding ExpandedSecretKey.

impl<'a> From<&'a SecretKey> for PublicKey[src]

fn from(secret_key: &SecretKey) -> PublicKey[src]

Derive this public key from its corresponding SecretKey.

impl PartialEq<PublicKey> for PublicKey[src]

impl StructuralEq for PublicKey[src]

impl StructuralPartialEq for PublicKey[src]

Auto Trait Implementations

impl RefUnwindSafe for PublicKey

impl Send for PublicKey

impl Sync for PublicKey

impl Unpin for PublicKey

impl UnwindSafe for PublicKey

Blanket Implementations

impl<T> Any for T where
    T: 'static + ?Sized

impl<T> Borrow<T> for T where
    T: ?Sized

impl<T> BorrowMut<T> for T where
    T: ?Sized

impl<T> Clear for T where
    T: InitializableFromZeroed + ?Sized

impl<T> From<T> for T[src]

impl<T> InitializableFromZeroed for T where
    T: Default

impl<T, U> Into<U> for T where
    U: From<T>, 

impl<T> Same<T> for T

type Output = T

Should always be Self

impl<T> ToOwned for T where
    T: Clone

type Owned = T

The resulting type after obtaining ownership.

impl<T, U> TryFrom<U> for T where
    U: Into<T>, 

type Error = !

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

impl<T, U> TryInto<U> for T where
    U: TryFrom<T>, 

type Error = <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

impl<V, T> VZip<V> for T where
    V: MultiLane<T>,